Penal Substitution
“The death of Jesus Christ supposes and individual offending and a Person offended. It supposes that the Offended held the offender justly bound to suffer the penal consequences merited by the offense. Forgiveness of sin depends on the whole character of God. There are moral reasons requiring sin to be punished. They render the death of Jesus Christ necessary for the forgiveness of sins.” – W.E. Best, The Saviour’s Definite Redemption, 54